The Potential of Using the Concepts «Way of Living» and «Life Style» for Sociological Analysis of Individual Health Practices

Keywords: way of living, lifestyle, healthy way of living, social practices, individual health


The theoretical bases of the analysis of the phenomena «way of living» and «lifestyle» are considered in the article. The retrospective analysis of approaches to its consideration is made. It is shown that the main markers of way of living are the types of life activity and ways of its implementation, which are normalized by socio-political, cultural or socio-economic structures in society. It has been demonstrated that way of living reflects socially typical practices. Lifestyle is a more individualized phenomenon that has particular manifestations in everyday life and is embedded in the social space by each individual or group. All approaches to the interpretation of way of living and lifestyles are grouped into three groups: a synonymous approach in which the terms «way of living» and «lifestyle» are regarded as interchangeable; an approach in which lifestyle is viewed as a narrower concept than way of living; an approach where these concepts are differentiated and treated as equivalent. On the basis of various definitions of these concepts, their comparison was made and a conclusion about the substantive sub-catherogality of the concept of «lifestyle» with respect to the concept of «way of living» was made. Possibilities of using these categories to analyze the phenomenon of individual health are considered. The necessity of the multidisciplinary nature of using of the concepts of «way of living» and «lifestyle» in its research is shown. Based on its features, it is concluded that the using of the concept of «healthy way of living» over the concept of «healthy lifestyle». The second is considered as an individualized version of the first. It is shown that the use of one of the studied concepts does not limit the possibility of using another. Their differentiation can be made depending on the concept of the research taking into account the continuums: «norm – variability», «social – individual».


Artyunina, G. P. (2009). The basics of medical knowledge and a healthy lifestyle. Moscow: Academic Project; Foundation «Mir».

Antinazi. Encyclopedia of Sociology (2009). Dictionaries and Encyclopedias on the Academician. Retrieved December 14, 2019 from

Bourdieu, P. (1998). Structure, habit, practice. Journal of Sociology and Social Anthropology, 2(1), 44–59.

Bozhenova, A. S., Troshkin, E. І. (2016). The structure and the theoretical basis of the concept of «healthy way of living». Political vector-A, 1–2, 156–158.

Cockerham, W. C. (2005). Health lifestyle theory and the convergence of agency and structure. The Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 46 (1), 51–67.

Everything about the social work (2012) : primary encyclopedic vocabulary-dictionary / ed. by V. M. Picha. Lviv: «New Svіt-2000».

Fedko, O. (2009). Healthy way of life as a value: problems of formation. Scientific notes of Institution of political and etnonations research, 43, 369–379.

Golovatiy, M. F., Panasyuk, M. B. (1997). Social policy and social work: glossary of words. Kyiv: IAPM.

Kolbanov, V. V. (1998). Valeology: basic concepts, terms and definitions. Sankt-Peterburg: DEAN.

Lisitsyn, Yu. P. (1982). Lifestyle and public health. Moscow: Knowledge.

Malyna, O. G. (2009). Psychological peculiarities of becoming a style of life of person in children’s and youth’s age. Abstract. Kyiv.

Marx, C., Engels, F. (1955). German ideology. Selected Works. Moscow: Political literature. Vol. 1, Vol. 3.

Maslentseva, N. Yu. (2010). Sociological basis of the concept of lifestyle. Bulletin of ChelSU. 31, 147–150. Received January 06, 2020 from

Muradyan, O. S. (2012). The way of life as a system of social act: a test of conceptualization. Sociological Studios, 1, 81–87.

Paholok, O. (2011). Organization for a healthy way of life: to the problem of logical formalization of research subject. Social measurement of society, 3, 187–197.

Pakholok, O. O. (2014). The phenomenon of health in social and cultural measurement: abstract. Kyiv: Institute of Sociology, NAS of Ukraine.

Panchenko, S. (2008). Evolution category «life style» in social science. Life styles: panorama of changes. Kyiv: Institute of Sociology of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, 11–24.

Panina, N. V. (2008). Theory, methods and results of a sociological study of the lifestyle, psychological state and social well-being of the population. Selected works on sociology, Vol. II: Kyiv: Fact.

Parfenova, A. A., Proskurnina, M. V., Tsoi, V. S. (2020). Mode of life and human health. Online library «Science and Philosophy». Retrieved January 04, 2020 from

Parfinenko, T. O. (2015). Become to the current day and the structure of the understanding «healthy life style». Retrieved January 04, 2020 from

Popov, S. V. (1997). Valeology at school and at home. About the physical well-being of schoolchildren. SPb: «Soyuz».

Pylaeva, T. V. (2009). Lifestyle of students: typology and determinants of formation: thesis. Kharkiv.

Roshchina, Y. M. (2007). Sociology of consumption. Moscow: Publishing house «SU-HSE».

Roshchina, Y. M. (2016). Health lifestyle: Does social inequality matter? Economic Sociology, 17(3), 13–34.

Safaryan, A. V. (2008). The concept of life style in sociology. Retrieved January 05, 2020 from

Sociology: Encyclopedia/Comp. A. A. Gritsanov, V. L. Abushenko, G. M. Evelkin, G. N. Sokolova, O. V. Te¬-reshchenko. Retrieved December 16, 2019 from

Soviet way of life: state, opinions and assessments of Soviet people (1984). Ed. by I. T. Levykina and A. A. Vozmitel. Moscow: ISI.

Stepanov, A. D., Izutkin, D. A. (1981). Criteria for a healthy way of living and the background of its formation. Soviet health care, 5, 32–44.

The Encyclopedia for the Social Sphere specialists (2012). Ed. by prof. І. D. Zvereva. Kyiv-Simferopol: Universum.

Vilensky, M. Ya., Avchinnikova, S. O. (2004). A methodological analysis of the general and the special in the concepts of «healthy way of living» and «healthy lifestyle». Theory and Practice of Physical Culture, 11, 2–7.

Voloshko, N. І. (2011). Determinants posed to a healthy and healthy way of life. Problems of a modern psychology. 11, 115–124.

Vozmitel, A. A., Osadcha, G. І. (2009). Way of life: theoretical and methodological foundations of analysis. Sociological studies, 8, 58–65.

Vozmitel, A. A. (2012). Way of living: trends and the nature of changes in post-reform Russia. Moscow: Institute of Sociology RAS.

Vozmitel, A. A. (2017). Reconceptualization of the sociological approach to the study of the way of life. Bulletin of the Nizhny Novgorod University. N. I. Lobachevsky. Series of social sciences, 4 (48), 55–64.

Weber, M. (1994). The basic concepts of stratification. Sociological studies, 5, 146–156.

Weiner, E. N. (2001). Valeology. Moscow: Science.

Weiner, E. N., Kastyunin, S. A. (2003). Brief Encyclopedic Dictionary: Adaptive Physical Culture. Moscow: Flinta.

WHO strategy on research for health. Geneva, World Health Organization, 2016. Retrieved April 23, 2019 from research_for_health.pdf

Yadov, V. A. (1983). A sociological approach to the study of personality in the system of concepts of mode of life. Questions of Philosophy, 12.

Yakovleva, N. V. (2013). Health saving activity as a basic life metaprocess. Network Journal, 1, 56–64.

Zagrutdinova, A. G. (2014). Adolescent health in a transforming Russia: a sociological analysis (based on materials from the Republic of Tatarstan): thesis. Volgograd.

Zhuravleva, I. V. (2002). Adolescent Health: A Sociological Analysis. Moscow: Publishing House of the Institute of Sociology of the Russian Academy of Sciences.