Migrant Communities as an Object of Analysis: Central Concepts and Theories

Keywords: migration, migrant communities, networks of migration, social capital

Abstract

The article deals with the concept of the migrant communities in the context of finding an appropriate theoretical and methodological model for studying the phenomenon of migration at the present stage. The heuristic potential of social capital theory and migration network theory in study of the functioning of migrant communities is emphasized. Social capital is seen as a relational owned by individuals and social communities, determined by structural and symbolic factors and influencing the functioning of migrant communities at the micro, meso and macro levels. The social capital perspective focuses on the opportunities offered by the community as a network of connections, relevant resources, and the constraints associated with group membership (including the measurement of so-called “enforced trust”) based on a community of ethnic origin or citizenship. Structural components of the social capital of migrant communities are social networks that enable migrants to cope with issues such as search for employment and adaptation in host societies. The symbolic component of the social capital of migrant communities from the perspective of social capital theory is trust, a sense of mutual commitment, willingness to help one another and common production of the shared meanings (including a sense of shared identity). Theoretical and methodological framework discussed here so far have been rarely applied to the study of communities of Ukrainian migrants abroad.

References

Adamic, L. (1932). Laughing in the Jungle: The Autobiography of an Immigrant in America. New York: Harper & brothers. 335 p.

Arango, J. (2000). Explaining migration: a critical view. International Social Science Journal. Vol. 52 (165), 283–296. https://doi.org/10.1111/1468-2451.00259

Barsukova S. Yu. (2001). The enforced trust of the network world. Polis. No 2, 52–60.

Bertotti, M., Jamal. F, Harden, A. (2016). Connected Communities. A Review of Conceptualizations and Meanings of «Community» within and across Research Traditions: a Meta-Narrative Approach. Retrieved November 26, 2019 from http://www.ahrc.ac.uk/Funding-Opportunities/Research-funding/Connected-C...

Boyd, M. (1989). Family and personal networks in international migration: Recent developments and new agenda. International Migration Review. 23(3), 238–270. https://doi.org/10.2307/2546433

Diivell, F. (ed) (2006). Illegal Immigration in Europe – Beyond Control. Crossing the fringes of Europe: Transit migration in the EU's neighbourhood- Working Paper No. 33, Oxford: Centre on Migration, Policy and Society. https://doi.org/10.1057/9780230555020

Lewis, O. (1996). The Culture of Poverty. Urban Life. G. Gmelch and W. Zenner, eds. Waveland Press.

Lindberg, J. S. (1930) The Background of Swedish Emigration to the United States. An Economic and Sociological Study in the Dynamics of Migration. Minneapolis, Minn.

Loury, G. (1977). A dynamic theory of racial income differences. Women, minorities, and employment discrimination. Edited by P. A. Wallace, A. M. La Mond. Lexington: Heath, 153–86.

Massey, D. S., Arango, J., Hugo, G., Kouaouci, A., Pellegrino, A., & Taylor, J. E. (1993). Theories of international migration: A review and appraisal. Population and Development Review, 19(3), 431–466. https://doi.org/10.2307/2938462

Massey, D. S., Durand J., Malone N. J. (2002). Beyond Smoke and Mirrors: Mexican Immigration in an Age of Economic Integration. New York: Russell Sage Foundation. https://doi.org/10.1525/ctx.2002.1.4.62

Reichlova, N. (2004). New Member Countries and Migration Flows; Institute of economical studies, UK, Prague.

Said, E. (1979). Imaginative Geography and Its Representations: Orientalizing the Oriental. Orientalism. New York: Vintage.

Smith, M. K. (2001). «Community» in the Encyclopedia of Informal Education Retrieved November 26, 2019 from http://infed.org/mobi/community/

Thomas,W. I., Znaniecki, F. (1918). The Polish peasant in Europe and America. Boston, MA: Badger.

Varshaver, E. A., Rocheva, A. L. (2014). Moscow migrant communities: Mechanisms of formation, functioning and maintaining. New literature review. No 3(127), 523–542.

Whyte, W. F. (1943). Street corner society: the social structure of Italian slum. University of Chicago press. 364 p.

Published
2019-12-23
Section
THEORETICAL PROVISIONS OF SOCIOLOGICAL INVESTIGATIONS