Transformation of Social Consciousness as a Long-Term Cause of the Revolution

Keywords: radical social processes, revolutionary situation, social anomy


The study of revolution issues is of undoubted scientific interest in the context of changes in social consciousness and its influence on the speed of social processes. A comparative analysis of foreign and domestic sociological studies has shown that scientific explanations for the emergence and development of a revolution are quite variable, which is due to the personal vision of scientists in identifying factors and ranking the main causes. And, accordingly, depending on the ultimate goal of the research, the meaning of the concept itself acquires a negative or positive meaning. Therefore, in the course of work on this article, we presented a classification of the most recognized theories of revolution, compiled for similar reasons for their occurrence, and grouping was carried out according to similar signs and methods of study. Particular attention is paid to behavioral concepts in which questions of mass psychology are studied, and, accordingly, a set goal, we have highlighted the conditions for a change in social consciousness. The study proved that the main cause of  Ukrainian revolutions is the preservation of the revolutionary situation caused by the periodic transformation of the public consciousness. Periods of transformation are a recurring interrelation of links-phases: «social disorientation – social anomie – social cynicism – social madness», each of which is a logical consequence and a continuation of the previous one, and is characterized by a narrowing in time. It should be noted that the article considers only the psychological aspect of the causes of revolutions - for a more detailed analysis it is necessary to consider such factors as the development of the state, which depends on the external conjuncture, the economic, political, military and cultural components.


Burlachuk, V. (2005). Power, Ritual, and the «Orange Revolution», Kyiv: Stilos: Foliant, 63–75.

Goldstone, J. (2015). Revolution. A very brief introduction, Moscow: Gaidar Institute Publishing House, 192 p.

Golovakha, E. (2002). The phenomenon of the «immoral majority» in the post-Soviet society: the transformation of mass ideas about the norms of social behavior in Ukraine, Kyiv: Monitoring of public opinion: economic and social changes, No 6 (62), 20–22.

Golovaha, E. (2014). Social cynicism and anomie in Ukrainian society: general dynamics and recent changes, Ukrainian society: monitoring of social changes, No 1 (1), 49–56.

Dahrendorf, R. (2002). Modern social conflict. Sketch of the politics of freedom, Moskow: ROSSPEN, 288 p.

Idrisov, B. (2011). Typology and modeling of electoral culture in modern Ukrainian society. New paradigm, Vol.101, 142–152.

Kolodiy, A. (2014). The phenomenon of revolution in the context of modernity, Visnyk of Lviv University. Philosophical and political studies, No 5, 133–143.

Merton, R. (1992). Social Theory and Social Structure. Social structure and anomie, Moskow: Sotsis, No 2–4, 118–124.

Salnikova, S. (2013). Specific Phenomena of Post-Soviet Anomy (Belarus, Russia, Ukraine), Grani, Vol. 104, No 12, 20–26.

Sorokin, P. A. (2005). Sociology of revolution, Moskow: ROSSPEN, 704 p. Retrieved October 22, 2018 from

Eisenstadt, S. (1999), Revolution and the transformation of societies. Comparative study of civilizations, Moskow: Aspect Press, 416 p.

Boskoff, A., Becker, H. (1957). Modern Sociological Theory in Continuity and Change. New-York: The Dryden Press, 756 p. Retrieved November 02, 2018 from Sociological_Theory_in_Continuity.html?id=uqgwAQAAMAAJ&redir_esc=y.

Calvert, P. (2016). Revolution and international politics. London: Bloomsbury Academic, 176 p.

Clark, J. (2015). The History and Theory of Revolutions. Leopold Classic Library, 43 p. Retrieved October 12, 2018 from

Eckstein, H. (1965). On the Etiology of Internal Wars. History and Theory, Vol. 4, No 2, 133–163. Retrieved October 10, 2018 from

Huntington, S. (1993). Why International Primacy Matters. International Security, Vol. 17, No 4, 68–83.

Lasky, M. (1977). Utopia & Revolution. Western Ontario: Political Theory, № 5 (3), 415–419. Retrieved October 18, 2018 from

Salnikova, S. (2014). Ukrainian Society under Conditions of Total Anomy. Economics & Sociology. Vol. 7, No 2, 183–198.

Skocpol, T. (1976). France, Russia, China: A Structural Analysis of Social Revolutions. Harvard Universitet, 210 p. Retrieved October 18, 2018 from

Waelder, R. (1967). Progress and Revolution: A Study of the Issues of Our Age Progress. New-York: International Universities Press, 372 p.

Wertheim, W. (1974). Evolution and Revolution: The Rising Waves of Emancipation. Harmondsworth Penguin Books Ltd, 416 p.

White, H., Godart Fr. (2007). Stories from Identity and Control. Bologna: Sociologica Fascicolo 3, 1–17. Retrieved March, 17, 2019 from rep1&type=pdf